Flora and Fauna

Biodiversity refers to the variety of life forms on Earth. The South West of Western Australia is one of 34 global biodiversity ‘hot spots’ – the most species-rich but threatened places on the planet.  


The south west of Western Australia is one of the 34 biodiversity hotspots in the world – an area of high conservation value due to level of species richness and endemism, but also one on a rapid rate of decline. The Shire’s Sustainability Services works towards effective management and conservation of biodiversity values, including threatened and endemic flora found in the Shire of Denmark’s bushland, coastal and foreshore Reserves. 

Gumnuts and FloraFlora Documents

Native Flora 'Recommendations for your Garden' Information Sheet

Plant Propagation Tips
Species List for Rehabilitation
Flora - Fire and Ecology Brochure
Structural Plant Community Survey, Mt Hallowell and Wilson Inlet Foreshore Reserves (2012)
A Guide to Macrofungi in Mt Hallowell and Wilson Inlet Foreshore Reserves (2011) 

Roadside Vegetation and Conservation Values in the Shire of Denmark - Report

Roadside Vegetation and Conservation Values in the Shire of Denmark - Appendices

Website Links

Australian Government Department of Agriculture Water and The Environment - Threatened Species Strategy 2021-2031
Revegetation species lists – Plants for Carnaby’s Black Cockatoos
The economic benefits of farm shelterbelts using native species
Western Australian on-line herbarium


Fauna is an integral part of the Australian landscape. Fauna rely on bushland reserves and a mosaic of remnant native vegetation interlinked by vegetated corridors in order to be able to move between patches and find resources for food and habitat. The fauna of the Denmark area include a variety of wildlife including endemic and migratory species, all of which rely on our bushland, coastal and foreshore Reserves. These include (but are not limited to):


  • Western Grey Kangaroo (Macropus fuliginosus)
  • Brush Tail Possum (Trichosurus vulpecula)
  • Southern Brown Bandicoot (Quenda) (Isoodon obesulus)
  • Chuditch (Dasyurus geoffroii) A nationally-listed Vulnerable species.
  • Brush-tailed Phascogale (Phascogale tapoatafa)
  • Honey Possum (Tarsipes rostratus)
  • Pygmy Possum (Cercartetus concinnus)
  • Grey-Bellied Dunnart (Smithsopsis grisoventer)
  • Bush Rat (Rattus fuscipes)
  • Water Rat (Hydromys chrysogaster)


  • Tiger Snake (Notechis scutatus)
  • Dugite (Pseudonaja affinis)
  • King skink (Egernia kingii)Motorbike Frog
  • Racehorse goanna (Varanus rosenbergi)


  • Banjo frog (Limnodynastes dorsalis)
  • Clicking frog (Crinea glauerti)
  • Lea’s frog (Geocrinea leai)
  • Moaning frog (Heleioporus eyrie)
  • Motorbike frog (Litoria moorei)
  • Quacking frog (Crinea georgiana)
  • Sand frog (Helioporus psammophilus)
  • Slender tree frog (Litoria adelaidensis)
  • South Coast froglet (Crinea subinsignifera)

Frogs of the Wilson Inlet

There are four main species of frog found around the Wilson Inlet: the Motorbike Frog (Litoria moorei), Pobblebonk Frog (Lymnodynastes dorsalis), Moaning Frog (Heleioporus eyrie) and the Quacking Frog (Crinia georgiana). Frogs breathe primarily through their moist skin, which is a poor barrier to pollutants in the environment.

The Quacking frog is found only in the south western corner of WA, particularly along the south coast. These sensitive frogs breed between June and October and rely on wetlands for finding shallow pools of water where they can lay their eggs. They do not cope well in saline or polluted water.

Protection of all native animals 

All Australian native animals, including kangaroos, magpies and Black Cockatoos, are protected under State and Commonwealth law. No person is able to keep, injure or kill native Australian wildlife without the appropriate licence from the Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.

Fauna Documents

Native Mammals Fact Sheet
Wildlife on Private Property

Bird watching around Denmark

Website links

Australian Museum
Birdlife Australia
Frogs of Australia

Fauna licensing - Includes application forms to keep reptiles and conduct kangaroo shooting operations -

Department of Biodiversity Conservation and Attractions Flora and Fauna Licensing