Biodiversity refers to the variety of life forms on Earth. The South West of Western Australia is one of 34 global biodiversity ‘hot spots’ – the most species-rich but threatened places on the planet.
The south west of Western Australia is one of the 34 biodiversity hotspots in the world – an area of high conservation value due to level of species richness and endemism, but also one on a rapid rate of decline. The Shire’s Sustainability Services works towards effective management and conservation of biodiversity values, including threatened and endemic flora found in the Shire of Denmark’s bushland, coastal and foreshore Reserves.
Clearing of Native Vegetation
Native vegetation is protected under the Environmental Protection Act 1986. All clearing of native vegetation is prohibited unless a clearing permit is granted by the Department of Environment Regulation (DER) or the clearing is for an exempt purpose, as defined under the Act or the Environmental Protection (Clearing of Native Vegetation) Regulations 2004. Clearing of native vegetation also includes the collection of firewood, flower picking, seed collection and removal of dead or dying vegetation.
The Shire of Denmark cannot authorise the clearing of native vegetation, but may be able to assist with information about whether the clearing requires a permit. Alternatively, landholders can contact DER directly on telephone (08) 6467 5020 or email email@example.com for advice on the need for a clearing permit application. Relevant documents on the native vegetation clearing approval process can also be found in the links below.
Native Flora 'Recommendations for your Garden' Information Sheet
Species List for Rehabilitation
Flora - Fire and Ecology Brochure
Structural Plant Community Survey, Mt Hallowell and Wilson Inlet Foreshore Reserves (2012)
A Guide to Macrofungi in Mt Hallowell and Wilson Inlet Foreshore Reserves (2011)
Roadside Vegetation and Conservation Values in the Shire of Denmark - Report
Roadside Vegetation and Conservation Values in the Shire of Denmark - Appendices
Native vegetation clearing
Revegetation species lists – Plants for Carnaby’s Black Cockatoos
The economic benefits of farm shelterbelts using native species
Western Australian on-line herbarium
Fauna is an integral part of the Australian landscape. Fauna rely on bushland reserves and a mosaic of remnant native vegetation interlinked by vegetated corridors in order to be able to move between patches and find resources for food and habitat. The fauna of the Denmark area include a variety of wildlife including endemic and migratory species, all of which rely on our bushland, coastal and foreshore Reserves. These include (but are not limited to):
- Western Grey Kangaroo (Macropus fuliginosus)
- Brush Tail Possum (Trichosurus vulpecula)
- Southern Brown Bandicoot (Quenda) (Isoodon obesulus)
- Chuditch (Dasyurus geoffroii) A nationally-listed Vulnerable species.
- Brush-tailed Phascogale (Phascogale tapoatafa)
- Honey Possum (Tarsipes rostratus)
- Pygmy Possum (Cercartetus concinnus)
- Grey-Bellied Dunnart (Smithsopsis grisoventer)
- Bush Rat (Rattus fuscipes)
- Water Rat (Hydromys chrysogaster)
- Tiger Snake (Notechis scutatus)
- Dugite (Pseudonaja affinis)
- King skink (Egernia kingii)
- Racehorse goanna (Varanus rosenbergi)
- Banjo frog (Limnodynastes dorsalis)
- Clicking frog (Crinea glauerti)
- Lea’s frog (Geocrinea leai)
- Moaning frog (Heleioporus eyrie)
- Motorbike frog (Litoria moorei)
- Quacking frog (Crinea georgiana)
- Sand frog (Helioporus psammophilus)
- Slender tree frog (Litoria adelaidensis)
- South Coast froglet (Crinea subinsignifera)
Frogs of the Wilson Inlet
There are four main species of frog found around the Wilson Inlet: the Motorbike Frog (Litoria moorei), Pobblebonk Frog (Lymnodynastes dorsalis), Moaning Frog (Heleioporus eyrie) and the Quacking Frog (Crinia georgiana). Frogs breathe primarily through their moist skin, which is a poor barrier to pollutants in the environment.
The Quacking frog is found only in the south western corner of WA, particularly along the south coast. These sensitive frogs breed between June and October and rely on wetlands for finding shallow pools of water where they can lay their eggs. They do not cope well in saline or polluted water.
Protection of all native animals
All Australian native animals, including kangaroos, magpies and Black Cockatoos, are protected under State and Commonwealth law. No person is able to keep, injure or kill native Australian wildlife without the appropriate licence from the Department of Parks and Wildlife.
Native Mammals Fact Sheet
Wildlife on Private Property
Frogs of Australia
Fauna licensing - Includes application forms to keep reptiles and conduct kangaroo shooting operations -
Department of Parks & Wildlife Flora and Fauna Licensing